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Seizure First Aid Steps 

If you saw your loved one or anyone― having a seizure would you know how to help?

Seizures can be alarming, especially when you don't know what to do if one occurs. The electrical activity that gets altered in the brain can cause anyone to fall down and shake or twitch violently. There are many different types of seizures. Some are very short, lasting only a few seconds, while others can last longer.  All  seizures are not usually a medical emergency; but still need first aid care. To become prepared will help ensure the person having a seizure remains safe.

Step 1


The first thing you need to do is not panic, and to stay calm when someone is having a seizure to give the best possible assistance you can. Move any sharp or dangerous objects out of the persons way to prevent them from injuring themselves​. Help them sit down in a safe place if they appear to be unsteady, and support their head to keep it from hitting the floor

Step 2


Step 3

After the person falls or is guided to the ground by someone, turn them onto their side so they have a clear airway and helps them breath more easily, so saliva does not build in their mouth causing them to drown. Place something soft under their head to cushion it, time the seizure to see how long it lasts.


Stay by the persons side until the seizure has ended. Most people will be very confused and unaware that they just had a seizure. As it is a scary and embarrassing moment the best support you can give is to reassure them that they are ok, and you are there for them. Slowly help them get up at their own speed, do not rush them if they need extra time to lay down

Tips to Know

Do Not...

  • Do not hold or restrain the person down who is having a seizure

  • Do not put anything in the persons mouth, trying to see if there is anything in their mouth can be very dangerous as their body is tensing up, their jaw will start to tighten and lock

  • Do not offer any food or water directly after a seizure

When to Call 911...

  • A seizure lasts 5 minutes or longer

  • One seizure happens right after another without the person regaining consciousness (“coming to”) between seizures

  • The person has trouble breathing

  • The person appears to be choking

  • The seizure happens in water, like a swimming pool or bathtub

  • The person is injured during the seizure

  • You believe this is the first seizure the person has had

  • The person is pregnat

  • The person asks for medical help

Take Note

  • How much time there is between the beginning and the end of the active seizure/how long seizure lasts

  • How long it takes for the person to recover and return to their usual state after the seizure

  • A common myth is that while someone is having a seizure they can swallow their tongue. That is false, a person cannot swallow their tongue during a seizure, so do not think that could be a possibility

Breathing Tip

  • During a tonic-clonic seizure, it may look like the person has stopped breathing. This happens when the chest muscles tighten during the tonic phase of a seizure. 

  •  As this part of a seizure ends, the muscles will relax and the person will start breathing normally again. You don’t need to do rescue breathing or CPR for that kind of change in breathing.

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