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What is a Seizure Action Plan?

A Seizure Action Plan (SAP) contains the essential information and steps to assist someone who has seizure. It includes information on first aid, parent and health care provider contacts, and medications specifically for that epileptic.

Who Needs A Seizure Action Plan

A SAP is beneficial for anyone with a medical condition and of any age to have but is especially helpful for anyone with new-onset epilepsy and those with ongoing frequent seizures. Each SAP is different and designed specifically for each epileptic for an  emergency situation. 

Implementing SAP

A SAP can help you organize your seizure information and have it available when and where you need it. A prepared plan can help you know what to do to prevent an emergency or tell others what to do in emergency situations. By creating your SAP, you can give copies out to others, your school nurse/teachers and keep it on your phone as well. To inform as many people as you can to help them understand your epilepsy.

Family Action Plan

As you are newly diagnosed, your family will also be learning how take a main role in managing your seizures. They will be your support team and educate others how to care for you in any emergency. Families can take action by assisting in creating a SAP to give the best explanation of your epilepsy and history. 

Goal of SAP

A SAP will be able to provide any caregivers, family, friends or teachers instructions on how to best help you in an emergency.  By helping you be prepared, seizures or the fear of seizures won’t prevent you from participating and enjoying your life to the fullest. You can also adapt these plans to different situations in your life.


Creating A Seizure Action Plan

Your SAP might be used by someone who does not know you, or during an emergency where you will most likely be unable to communicate your needs during a seizure.

Useful to have in an SAP: (Epilepsy Alliance America & National Epilepsy Foundation)

  • Patient name, date of birth, height/weight, and diagnosis

  • Emergency contact information

  • Neurologist contact information

  • List of daily medications and doses

  • List of drug allergies

  • Short statement of current seizure pattern

  • List of seizure triggers

  • Summary of the physical appearance of the seizure

  • How to help the patient during the seizure

  • Rescue medical attention and if any medication is given

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